Self-disclosure fosters intimacy and creates interdependence between communication partners.
Furthermore, self-disclosure is an important strategy to form initial impressions of each other and these impressions are vital for the development of the relationship (Anderson, 1965; Berger & Calabrese, 1975).
For example, one study found that 35% of adolescents had established one or more online friends via social networking sites, and 8% reported having formed a romantic relationship (Valkenburg, Peter, & Schouten, 2006).
These rapidly changing developments in Internet use for social interaction have been accompanied by increased attention to the outcomes of computer-mediated communication (CMC) for relationship formation.
Between the two CMC conditions, no differences in self-disclosure were found.
Of the four possible mediators, only direct questioning mediated the effect of CMC on self-disclosure.
Initially, CMC theories, such as the social presence theory, assumed that CMC was unsuitable to convey the warmth and intimacy of face-to-face interactions (Short, 1974; Siegel, Dubrovsky, Kiesler, & Mc Guire, 1986).
These early studies usually investigated task-based interactions between organizational teams and did not specifically investigate interpersonal interaction.
Furthermore, each of these studies explained the relationship between CMC and self-disclosure from a different theoretical perspective.CMC dyads engaged in more direct questioning and therefore displayed higher levels of self-disclosure. adults under 40 have Internet access, and communication is the most important online activity (Fox & Madden, 2006).computer-mediated communication, self-disclosure, question asking, visual cues, webcam Online social interaction has become a pervasive phenomenon. Many Internet users, especially the young, progressively form social relationships online (Boase, Horrigan, Wellman, & Rainie, 2006; Gibbs, Ellison, & Heino, 2006; Mc Kenna & Bargh, 2000).This research focus on self-disclosure has had two motivations.
First, self-disclosure is an important factor in the initial stages of relationship formation (Altman & Taylor, 1973; Derlega et al., 1993).One important outcome of CMC that has received much consideration is its effect on self-disclosure.